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Traditional Tea Planting Mirrors Human-Nature Harmony

As the advent of spring heralds the ideal time for harvesting fresh tea leaves, locals in Lancang Lahu Autonomous County of Yunnan Province celebrated the beginning of the tea-picking season with a spirited ceremony held at Jingmai Mountain.

This annual ritual, which takes place towards the end of March, is a tradition among local ethnic minorities such as the Blang and Dai. It is a perfect opportunity to show respect for the tea forest, which has been around for centuries, as well as to pay homage to their ancestors before harvesting the gifts of nature.

Jingmai Mountain, renowned for its dense forests of ancient tea trees, has been an integral part of the locals’ lives for centuries. People here have continued to maintain an ancient method of tea cultivation featuring a unique multi-layered ecosystem.

“The key to maintaining harmony between humans and nature is the rational use of land in the Jingmai Mountain,” said Xiong Dengkui, an associate researcher with the Lancang county museum.

The village has been sited halfway up the mountain, close to the tea forest in the middle of the mountain, while farmland is in low-altitude areas with abundant water sources, which can avoid interference to tea forests during planting, Xiong called the planting mode “vertical land use.”

“All the treasures will be used up, and only the tea forest will unfailingly provide for the offspring,” citing the teaching of a legendary Blang ancestor. The wisdom of the ancestors made the tea forest and village last for around a thousand years.

The ancient tea forests are now glowing with new vitality as the younger generations are introducing new ideas aimed at better developing the tea industry in this area.

Xian Gong, 39, started a farmers’ cooperative in 2010 in her hometown of Jingmai Village. Over time, she expanded the initiative by developing it into a company integrating the cooperative, a tea factory, a hostel, and a shop under one roof.

Today, tea gardens under the cooperative cover an area of more than 9,000 mu (600 hectares) and generate an annual output of more than 200 tonnes, helping nearly 500 households increase their incomes.

A growing number of villagers are embracing new entrepreneurial opportunities by establishing cooperatives, tea factories and homestays. Many have adapted to the latest trends, such as selling tea through live streaming and sharing details of their daily lives and work on social media platforms.

The recent boom in the modern tea industry has prompted the residents of Jingmai to take better care of their ancient tea forests. In addition to the locals’ efforts to refrain from using chemical fertilizers and pesticides, as well as avoiding planting other crops in the tea forests, the local government has implemented over 20 rules and regulations for the protection of precious ancient tea forests.

“This tea mountain is the most valuable legacy left by our ancestors, and it is our due responsibility to protect and make good use of it,” Xian Gong said.